Man has discovered, conquered and mapped out just about all of the land mass on Earth and named it’s places and species, carried by it’s surrounding Oceans to far flung places Our fascination with Oceans has been with us from the dawn of time from cave maps to the hi tech navigators we use today. It not only provides us with food, excellent travel routes, leisure activities for thrill seekers, sporting challenges like riding the largest wave, water makes up approximately 70 % of the Earth surface, and is made up of 5 Oceans so plenty still discover beneath the waves, like underwater caves, and even cities, mountains and marine life, and not forgetting ship wrecks and treasure!
Is the 2nd largest Ocean and the Equator separates it from the South Atlantic Ocean running through Africa and South America. The Atlantic contains some beautiful islands that are popular with holiday makers, like the Canary Islands, The Azores and Cape Verde just off the African Coast. The largest Island is Greenland in fact it is the largest Island in the World. The largest Port in the Atlantic is in Panama a popular cruise area, with over 3 million containers a year.
The Atlantic covers 25 % of the Earth surface and is roughly 6.5 times the size of the USA. Plenty to discover on Oceans Maps including the incredible mountain range extending from Iceland to south Argentina. There are so many underwater sites, and many protected marine conservation areas with dive sites, and some a little closer to the British Isles like Lundy Island off the North Devon coast, complete with shipwrecks .
The Pacific is the largest Ocean covering 30 % of the Earth surface and the only place warm enough for Atolls which are Coral Islands, with sea temperatures reaching 86 degrees. The warmer the waters the closer you get to the equator dividing the Pacific into North and South running from Brazil, over Australia and through Indonesia. The word Pacific, means peaceful and with over 25,000 Islands with blue lagoons to explore, you can see why it is a dream holiday destination, for a no shoes Robinson Crusoe experience. A Map of the Ocean will come in handy if you want to explore this vast Ocean where most of the Worlds fish are caught and not forgetting your snorkel for the most colourful marine life on the planet.
The Great Barrier Reef in Australia is the largest in the world covering some 1,429 miles plus 1000 islands. Groups of Islands are known as Archipelagos like the beautiful romantic Fiji and Hawaiian Islands, Indonesia being the largest archipelagos.
Is located between Asia and Africa and the equator continues from Indonesia and through Kenya in Africa and occupy’s 20 % of the Earths surface making it the third largest Ocean. In the Indian Ocean you will also find the most beautiful Islands to visit like the Maldives, Mauritius and the Seychelles, once again providing great adventures beneath the waves like diving and above to fish or surf enjoying the warmth and crystal blue lagoons.
Important waterways can be seen on the Ocean Map like the Suez Canal in Egypt, a man made canal that connects the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea, and the Strait of Malacca between Malaysia and Indonesia. Singapore is the busiest Port and 40 % of the Worlds off shore oil production comes from the Indian Ocean.
The Southern Ocean
If you look at the Antarctica on your Ocean Map you will see that the surrounding Ocean emerges from the waters of the South Atlantic Ocean, the South Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean, with giant icebergs some several hundred metres high, this Ocean takes some navigating, even though it is the second smallest and youngest Ocean at 30 million years old formed when South America and the Antarctica moved apart. The large moving slabs of ice, does not put off the 50,000 visitors a year who come for it’s natural habitat and expeditions.
The worlds largest invertebrate, the giant squid lives in these waters at 49 feet long, elephant seals bask on land or ice, the elegant emperor penguins waddle and the blue whale bursts out of the water with barely a ripple. A must see bucket list Ocean but be sure to hire an ice breaker ship, this is the coldest continent on the planet and with no indigenous people living here, you won’t find a burger at the research stations !
Is the smallest and shallowest of the 5 Oceans roughly the same size as Russia in the Northern Hemisphere sounding the countries of Canada, United States, Norway, Russia, Iceland and Greenland. Known as the Arctic Circle you will find the North Pole surrounded by polar ice that never melts then moving out from that is the pack ice, which freezes over in winter and moving further out still we have the fast ice that forms on the land around the Arctic Ocean. There is an abundance of marine life with more fish species than any other Ocean providing a good source of food for the Polar Bears, the 4 species Whales, and 6 species of Seals.
This area is where you will find indigenous people and igloos and if you are really lucky the magic of the Northern Lights.